Severe dry cough

The problem is that dry cough is difficult to treat, so doctors usually try to turn it into a cough with sputum. To this end, the patient is prescribed cough medicines or offered to cure the cough with folk medicine on natural products and herbs. Among them:

The causes of dry cough
Cough is a reflex of the body. Cough is manifested at moments of irritation of nerve endings in the mucous membranes of the respiratory system. The whole system, in turn – it is into two departments – the upper and lower. The upper includes the nasopharynx, pharynx, larynx and trachea, and the lower includes the bronchi and lungs.

The cause of inflammation in any of these respiratory organs can be an infection – bacterial or viral.
Mucous membrane irritation and coughing can be caused by protozoa. Depending on what cause is caused by a severe dry cough, the doctor prescribes the appropriate treatment option. It would seem simple, but the causative agents of infectious diseases can be determined only after the examination of sputum, and with a dry cough a person does not have it. What to do in such cases? Some doctors prescribe cough medications without being sure of the cause of the cough. This can lead to the development of complications. A more correct approach is to move the cough to the wet stage.

Peculiarities of dry cough

Cough is dangerous because it signals the presence of more serious inflammatory processes in the body. The symptoms of dry cough depend on which organ of the respiratory system is affected. With inflammation of the throat, a dry cough is accompanied by discomfort in the throat and a strong burning of the mucous membrane. Laryngitis (inflammation of the larynx) is characterized by a barking cough and a hoarse voice. If laryngitis is not treated, the severe cough can develop into an attack of suffocation. If these conditions are caused by fungus, the cough is chronic and prolonged.

In inflammatory processes in the trachea, coughing is accompanied by sternum pain, among other things. Inflammations of the bronchi and lungs (pneumonia) are characterized by a strong, muffled cough and dull pain. Pleurisy (inflammation of the serous membrane of the lungs) is characterized by a dry cough and pronounced pain. Sometimes the pain is so bad that patients try not to breathe in too deeply. In its early stages, TB can be recognized by a mild but persistent cough. Finally, the worst disease, lung cancer, appears as a chronic cough.

Diagnosis in dry cough
If the dry cough begins suddenly and is accompanied by an increase in body temperature, a runny nose and general weakness of the body, we can talk about acute respiratory diseases. In this case, the doctor checks the lungs for wheezing. If he does not find them, the dry cough is tried to move to the wet stage to investigate the cause of the disease.

When the cough does not go away for a week, and the fever does not go away, a number of tests should be done. Blood tests and chest X-rays are ordered. With the help of these procedures, tuberculosis, pneumonia, and pleurisy can be diagnosed. Based on the results of the tests, the type of cough treatment is prescribed.

When the cough increases day by day, but there are no other symptoms of inflammation, it may indicate diseases of the respiratory system or lung cancer. In order to diagnose this or that and to determine the exact cause of a severe dry cough, you should see your doctor for a thorough examination.